seojiwo June 5, 2023 0 Comments

Types of Investment – Best Investment Options in India

You may have financial responsibilities, such as your child’s education and marriage, meeting day-to-day expenses, fulfilling the dreams and aspirations of your loved ones, and more. Investing in the right plan can help you stay financially prepared to meet your goals.

Benefits of Investing

Below are some of the key benefits of investing:

1. Growth of money:

Investing money in the right plan can provide you with returns to help you achieve your financial goals. Investing helps you to not only grow your money but also stay financially prepared for your needs.

2. Impact of inflation:

Inflation is the increase in the cost of goods and services over time. This means, to purchase the same goods and services, you will have to pay more. You would need more money to buy the same amount of goods or services in the future. Investing money can provide you with returns that can help you factor for inflation in the future so that you can maintain your lifestyle and meet your goals without any worry.

3. Additional income:

Investing in the right plan can provide you with an additional income. This can be used to meet your financial needs, pursue a hobby, fulfil your aspirations, and more.

4. Financial discipline:

Investing in a plan regularly helps you build a habit to set aside an amount regularly for your future needs. This discipline also helps you reduce unwanted expenses and stay financially prepared.

Things to consider before investing

Here are some things to keep in mind before investing:

1. Returns from the plan:

You invest money to meet your future financial goal. The investment plan should be able to provide you with returns that can help you achieve them.

2. Risk appetite:

You may want to invest in a plan that provides you with guaranteed~ returns or market-linked returns as per your risk appetite and requirements. Plans like savings/endowment plans provide you with returns that are fixed at the time of the purchase of the plan. Plans like ULIPs (Unit Linked Insurance Plans) provide you with market-linked returns. In ULIPs, you can choose to invest in high-performing equity funds, low-risk debt funds, or a mix of both as per your risk appetite.

~T&Cs Apply

3. Investment flexibility:

You may want to invest in a plan that provides you with the flexibility to invest monthly, half-yearly, yearly or one-time as per your convenience. You may also want to look for features like the ability to withdraw money in times of need, choosing the duration for which you want to stay invested, choosing the amount that you want to invest regularly, and more.

4. Tax benefits*:

Look for a plan that provides tax benefits* under the Income Tax Act, 1961. These benefits increases the overall returns from the plan. The premiums paid towards life insurance plans are allowed as a deduction* of up to ₹ 1.5 lakh per annum under Section 80C. The payouts received from the plan are also tax-free* under Section 10(10D) depending on the type of plan you invest in.

Investment options in India

There are various options to invest your money in. You can choose the one that suits your requirements. A life insurance plan provides the dual benefit of life cover` and growth of your money, depending on the type of plan you choose. Below are the various types of life insurance plans that you can consider for investing:

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

PPF is a small-saving scheme backed by the Government of India. It comes with a lock-in period of 15 years. It is a long-term investment option offering risk-free returns.

You can open a PPF account with a bank or a post office with a deposit of a minimum of ₹ 100. Once you have a PPF account, you can deposit between ₹ 500 to ₹ 1.5 lakh every year in the account. The amount you deposit in your PPF is eligible for tax deductions under Section 80C of The Income Tax Act, 1961.

In case of PPF, the deposited amount, interest earned and maturity amount – are all exempt from taxes. The government decides the interest rates from time to time.

Mutual fund Investment

Mutual funds are managed by professional fund managers. They invest your money in instruments such as stocks and bonds, as per your choice. Mutual funds carry risks depending on the type of instrument your money is invested in.

Stocks or shares or equity

Stocks represent ownership in a company. You can purchase these through a stock exchange like BSE or NSE. Brokerage firms, banks and more can also help you purchase stocks. Stock prices rise or fall basis the company’s performance, stock market conditions, and a mix of multiple other factors. Stocks are high-risk, high-return investments. As an investor, it is important that you conduct in-depth research before investing in stocks.


Bonds are debt instruments in which you lend money to the government or a business entity. When you invest in a bond, you get back your investment amount along with interest. This interest rate is also called coupon rate. You can invest in bonds either directly or through mutual funds. You can consider investing in bonds if you are looking for steady rates of return at a relatively low risk.

National Pension System (NPS)

National Pension System (NPS) is a government-backed investment plan. It is a long-term savings option that can offer you with income during your retirement.

You can invest between 18-65 years of age and continue investing till you are 75 years old. NPS offers tax deduction of up to ₹ 50,000 per annum under Section 80CCD(1B) which is over and above the limit of ₹ 1.5 lakh offered by Section 80CCE. While investing, you can choose to allocate your money in four asset classes – equity, government bonds, corporate debt and alternative investment funds (AIFs).

Fixed Deposits or Term Deposits

Fixed deposits (FDs) are offered by banks and non-banking finance organisations (NBFCs). You can deposit a lump sum amount for a fixed tenure of your choice and earn interest on the same. FDs are risk-free investments that offer a guaranteed rate of return and are not affected by market volatility.

Leave a Comment